Vitamin B-12 Deficiency: How We Can Treat It?

A lack of this vital nutrient can lead to a variety of health issues from nausea to constant neurological changes. The importance of keeping appropriate B-12 levels is addressed in this article, and we will describe the advantages and risks of Vitamin B-12 Shots.

Common Signs Of B-12 Deficiency

Certain typical symptoms and signs include:

  • Confusion
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Lethargy
  • Feeling faint
  • Headache
  • Vision changes
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Depression or irritability
  • Heart palpitations
  • Difficulty maintaining balance
  • Paraesthesia (pins and needles)
  • Sore, swollen tongue in pale yellow or very red

B-12 Deficiency Risk Factors

The following factors may also cause vitamin B-12 deficiency:

  • Aging
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • An endocrine-related autoimmune disorder like diabetes or a thyroid
  • Certain prescription medications such as; antacids and type 2 diabetes drugs
  • Certain gastrointestinal disorders like crohn’s disease
  • Poor diet and follow strict vegetarian or vegan diet
  • Gastric bypass or the removal of parts of the stomach

Contact your physician if you have any of the above-mentioned symptoms.

How to treat Vitamin B-12 Deficiency?

You may have to take a supplement if the health care provider says you are deficient in vitamin B12. This could be in the form of an oral pill, a sublingual tablet, or an intramuscular injection. Every type of B12 supplement can increase vitamin B12 levels in your blood. It is more convenient to take a supplement in pill form or sublingually tablet than to visit the doctor’s clinic for each injection.

  • There are some natural sources of Vitamin B-12 that you can intake to cover your deficiency, such as;
  • Cottage cheese
  • Swiss/emmental cheese
  • Skim milk, 1%, 2%, or homo milk
  • Plain yogurt
  • Fortified almond or oat beverage
  • Fortified soy or rice beverage
  • Organ meat
  • Salmon
  • Beef
  • Egg etc

Benefits of Vitamin B-12

The most advantage of vitamin B-12 is that it decreases the chance of severe vitamin B-12 deficiency complications including:

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  • Cardiac disease
  • Cognitive neurological disorder
  • Issues of teamwork (ataxia)
  • Neuropathy peripheral
  • Change in vision
  • Infertility
  • Defects in neural tube in infants


Although vitamin-fortified and B-12 supplements are readily available, Vitamin B-12 shots can only be taken on prescription, meaning that a medicinal diagnosis must be required. It is important to remember that in most healthy individuals low levels are uncommon and the human liver stores vitamin B-12 for many years.

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