Using Flooring Materials and How to Install Laminate

Floor coverings over the years have been used and brought a about change in different places depending on where it is used. They include vinyl, laminate, carpets, tiles, and rugs. The idea of having different floor coverings changed as technology evolved through different companies in the 20th century. Cleaning, installation, and durability of the flooring are some of the most important things to note.

Things to Consider

Equipment/ Materials

Before you start anything, check that you have all the equipment and materials that you need for your installation. These are rubber mallet, chalk box, handsaw/ jigsaw, pencil, straight edge, tape measure, utility knife, and scrap wood spacers. Laminate installation does not really require a professional as you are able to put it together like a puzzle.


Make sure you clean the surface. If the floor is old that is not a problem, it will still be done. Make sure that the surface is also smooth and flat and not uneven from damage. If this is the case,you may need to put a foam sheet that creates an underlayment. This will help in creating a soft pad that will make the installation of the laminate planks easy.

Check your Floor Layout

This is done by testing and trying to fit your planks to see the kind of layout you will expect in the overall and final finish. This is done by arranging them across the room and do not lock them first. Locking them will make it difficult to remove and create damaged edges when you are trying to unlock them. When you get the sense of what you want, and the layout, set the planks aside.

Install Underlayment

It has been highly recommended by flooring manufacturers that underlayment should be installed before doing your laminate. This helps in smoothing the bumps and bridging gaps that the floor may have and helps in creating a thermal barrier. Roll out the sheets and do not overlap them but secure the seams that touch each other with tape. Some may come with adhesive that you can peel and stick easily.

How to Install 

  • When you start, use your utility knife to trim off the tongues on the laminate boards.
  • Then start by laying against the wall from the right side as you work towards the left.
  • Make sure the grooved edge is facing out and away from the wall with the recommended spacing.
  • Use scrap wood spacers to help in maintaining a gap between your laminate flooring and the wall.
  • Use your hammer to lock the pieces together and ensure they are tight with no gaps. A rubber mallet will also help you on the joints to avoid damage.
  • As you finish and get to the last plank you need to cut as it may be too long. Measure out the length you will require and then using our measurements apply them to the plank and cut using the jigsaw to the required length.
  • Fit in the last laminate plank to finish your installation. Make sure you secure the joint.
  • The final process is removing the spacers and then on the room’s perimeter the gaps on the walls are hidden using baseboard molding.

Quick Tips

  • When you cut from the backside of your laminate plank it minimizes chipping.
  • It will be good to have a vapor barrier to protect your flooring.
  • Check what the manufacturer recommends for proper installation of the flooring.
  • The recommended gap is Important during installation.


Floor coverings like any other product have their pros and cons but that should not stop you from getting them. As you settle for one check what best gives you comfort. The price, brand, and durability of what you choose overall are determined by your budget and how you want to upgrade your flooring needs.

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